Oral surgery focuses on pathologies such as cysts and tumors related to teeth and oral cavity, tooth and jaw fractures, extractions or orthodontic movement of impacted teeth, modifications of soft and hard tissues of oral cavity for prosthetic purposes. Pain in maxillo-facial area, temporomandibular joint disorders and salivary gland diseases are included in oral surgery practice. Determining oral symptoms of particular systemic diseases and their treatments are also within the context of oral surgery practice.
Positioning dental implants, which are frequently used in dental practice in recent years, advanced implant surgical procedures like using bone grafts in cases where bone level is not adequate for the implant placements are also included.
Another subject of oral surgery is congenital or acquired maxillo-facial anomalies. These are most commonly lip-palate clefts, conditions arising from posterior or anterior positioning of upper or lower jaw in which mastication and aesthetic aspects are disrupted.
Oral surgeons use conventional diagnostic methods like radiographs as well as advanced methods supported with tomography that enable to obtain a 3D model of the patient’s exact bone structure. Therefore a definite diagnosis is made before the operation and the surgical process can be planned accurately. A multidisciplinary approach with other dental specialties like orthodontics and prosthodontics is essential for a successful diagnosis and treatment.
Surgical operations related to oral diseases can be performed under local anesthesia as well as general anesthesia. Patients undergone a major surgical operation are hospitalized and kept under observation. Before performing a surgical operation; patient comfort, current diseases, anxiety and concern due to treatment are considered and patients are treated accordingly.