Liposuction is the procedure, with which fat cells are removed with cannulas and vacuuming, for reconstructing the body.
Liposuction is the basic standard for removal of persistent fat cells that cannot be discarded with diet and exercise. The aim of the procedure is to extract fat cells rather than fat tissues. After the adolescence, the number of fat cells in a human body is fixed. For example, if someone has 500 thousand fat cells in her thighs, with liposuction, this number can be halved. In this way, no matter how much weight is gained in the future, still the fat accumulation around the operated area will be much less.
Liposuction can be applied at all parts of body where unwanted fat accumulates. Most common areas for women are thighs, abdomen, waist, hips, legs, knee, back, arms, breasts and neck. For men, breasts, waist and neck are the most common areas. For the patients, who have stretch marks and sagged skin, liposuction may provoke the sagging further. In such cases, laser liposuction should be preferred.
Laser liposuction (slim lipo) is a more controlled and less bleeding technique in compare to classical liposuction as it uses laser energy instead of physical dismemberment of the fat cells. Therefore, there are less bruises and quick recovery time. Another considerable advantage is that a visibly firmer skin is attained as the secondary wavelength of the laser affects the collagens and elastin fibers of the skin structure.
In some cases, extracting the fat cell may not be sufficient for correcting asymmetric and hollow parts of the body; it may even worsen the condition. In such cases, a different method called liposculpting is preferred instead of liposuction. With this method, some of the fat extracted is implanted into other areas after a special process, for reconstructing the body form.
Ideal time for liposuction is after weight loss with diet and exercise. However, if you cannot get rid of the unwanted weight with diet and exercise despite of all your efforts, than you may consult your aesthetic surgeon to discuss liposuction as an option.
PRIOR TO THE OPERATION
If you are considering having a liposuction operation, you should consult to a aesthetic surgeon. You should be very clear about your expectations, and the status of your general health. Your surgeon, after the physical examination, will discuss the new shape and look of your body and will give you information about the possible risks of the operation.
Intaking blood diluting medication and substances like aspirin, omega3 (fish oil), Vitamin E, Aloe Vera, should be ceased, starting from 10 days prior to the operation until 1 week after the procedure is completed. Smoking also should be avoided. Alcohol consumption must be stopped 2 days prior to the operation as alcohol may interact with anesthetics. Before the operation, some blood tests may be requested. The planning that is suitable for the chosen operation technique and the drawings are done prior to the operation.
The procedure is performed in operating theatre under local anesthesia or sedatives. The duration of the procedure may differ according to the number of areas to be operated. During classical liposuction operation, fat is extracted from pre-planned areas through 3 to 4 mm wide punctures using thin cannulas and vacuum.
AFTER THE OPERATION
After the operation, you will be asked to wear a special liposuction corset. You should use the corset for 3 weeks. After the operation, you may have some pain that can be controlled with painkillers, but generally it is a comfortable rehabilitation period. First dressing is generally changed on the 3rd day. There may be slight swelling and bruises at the beginning but they will disappear very quickly. The patient may go back to regular routine after 5 days. Heavy sportive activity should be avoided for 3 weeks. It may take up to 2 months for the planned results and targeted look of the body to materialize.